Canada day and the Basques arriving to their coasts

Short time ago, we spoke in our blog about the discovery of some metallic axes inside Canada.

And now, only some weeks ago, the site of Red Bay in Eastern Canada came into the World Heritage list by UNESCO.

The site of Red Bay, Newfoundland, was established by Basque mariners in the 16th century at the north-eastern tip of Canada on the shore of the Strait of Belle Isle is an archaeological site that provides the earliest, most complete and best preserved testimony of the European whaling tradition.

Appart from this, the Basques left many traces of their presence on our shores, including place-names such as Mingan (Québec) and Ingornachoix, Port au Choix, Port aux Basques and Port au Port (Newfoundland). French Canadians adopted the Basque word original for the Canadian animal Moose.

If you get the chance to go to Red Bay, you can see the remains of the oldest Basque ship recovered, San Juan, dating back to 1565. 

The station was used for some 70 years, as a fishing base during summer months until the local whale population was depleted.

PS.: I would like to use this article to wish a great day to all Canadian friends!

Picture of Canada Day by Nikki